Listen to Podcast | Hokkien: How Do You Say – Country Names
Singapore – 新加坡 – Xin gar po
Malaysia – 州府 – Jiu Hu
Hong Kong – 香港 – Hiang gang
Taiwan – 台湾 – Dai wan
China – 中国 / 唐山 – Diong gok / Teng suah
Japan – 日本 – Jit bun
Australia – 澳洲 – Ou chiu
Europe – 欧洲 – Au chiu
America – 美国 – Bee gok
Podcast Transcript | Hokkien: How Do You Say – Country Names
To begin, let’s start off with where LearnDialect.sg is based, Singapore. Singapore in Hokkien is pronounced as 新加坡. Next, we have Singapore’s neighbour, Malaysia. Instead of using the Chinese characters of Malaysia’s name and translating it into Hokkien, Singaporean Hokkiens and Teochews typically call Malaysia “州府” as it was a term used under the British colonial rule.
Now, learning Hokkien is useful for your travels in Taiwan – pronounced as “台湾” – as Taiwanese people speak a variant of Hokkien, otherwise better known as Southern Min language locally. Just a short flight away is Hong Kong or “香港” in Hokkien, which is a country well-known for tax-free shopping and dim sum.
Hokkien, similar to Teochew and Cantonese, originated from China. China is known as “中国” but you may also hear senior Hokkien speakers still referring to the country as “唐山”, literally translated as the Tang mountain. This is due to the prominence of the Tang dynasty in Chinese history where Chinese culture is widespread. China, is also regarded as a prosperous country during the Tang dynasty. This is why Chinatowns in countries outside China are often known as “唐人街” in Mandarin, literally translated as “Tang people street”.
Personally, my favourite country for travel within Asia is Japan or “日本” in Hokkien, as it has a good balance of city life, nature and good food. Looking outside Asia, I would consider travelling to Australia, Europe or America, respectively known as “澳洲”,” 欧洲” and “美国” in Hokkien. This would allow me to experience and interact with people of a different culture.
Hope the above list covers a country that you like. If not, please leave a comment and share with me the country that you would like to travel to. My name is Eugene from LearnDialect.sg and see you the next week!
Our Philosophy for Learning Hokkien in Singapore
The pronunciation of Hokkien words varies from one region to another. For example, Penang Hokkien sounds different from Taiwanese Hokkien. At LearnDialect.sg, we want to make learning Hokkien fun, easy and practical for daily conversations in Singapore. As such, we think it is important to listen to how Singaporeans speak Hokkien. To do that, we have an ongoing process of collecting audio recordings from at least 100 Hokkien-speaking seniors in Singapore and thereafter based our audio pronunciation on the most commonly-heard version. Paragraph
In similar nature, rather than trying to figure out which Hokkien romanization system to use (e.g. Pe̍h-ōe-jī or Taiwan Romanization System), we encourage you to form your own phonics, so that you make an association with these Hokkien words in the quickest way possible. To illustrate, the formal romanization of the English word, “eat”, is “chia̍h” in Hokkien. However, in our “Have You Eaten” podcast transcript, you’ll find that we use “jiak”, which we think relates to us better. That said, you may use other romanization (e.g “chiah”, “jia”, etc), as long as it helps you to make sense of what you hear.